Guidelines for Promoting Student Engagement
Parents' support for their child's school
performance and involvement can take many different forms. The nature
of this support will vary from family to family. Parental support
for learning includes, but is not limited to, the following:
1) Modeling the importance
of learning, self-discipline, and hard work. Children learn
a lot from their parents' behaviors and attitudes. Parents can enhance
their children's engagement and success in school by demonstrating
a commitment to learning and hard work.
a. Set long-term goals for yourself, and measure
your progress toward those goals.
b. Model persistence and demonstrate that hard work leads to success.
c. Demonstrate respect for authority. Support teacher assignments,
school standards, and standards of behavior.
d. Show your interest and enthusiasm for learning.
e. When solving a problem, "think aloud" so your child
learns how to solve problems by watching you.
2) Setting and enforcing
high but realistic expectations. Students are more likely
to achieve and succeed when parents and teachers have high expectations.
a. Clearly state and discuss your expectations
for schoolwork and behavior.
b. Work with your child's teachers to provide consistent messages
about expectations for schoolwork, attendance, and discipline.
c. Be sure your expectations and goals are appropriate for your
child's age and maturity.
d. Emphasize both effort and results. Talking about working hard,
not about being smart, is more likely to encourage student persistence
when work is challenging.
e. Discuss the importance of a good education and the relevance
of today's school performance to achieving tomorrow's goals.
3) Providing structure
and monitoring. A consistent pattern of age appropriate monitoring
and supervision can increase your child's chances for success in
a. Establish daily routines for studying and
homework, bedtime, and meals.
b. Monitor out-of-school activities, and set limits on TV watching.
Arrange for after-school care that will encourage good study habits.
c. Hold children accountable for chores, behavior, and schoolwork
completion. Be sure there are appropriate, logical consequences
for lack of performance in any of these areas.
d. Make sure your children attend school each day.
e. Be aware of how your children are doing in school.
4) Knowing what is going
on at school. Parents and caregivers who stay abreast of
what is going on at school can have a positive impact on students'
attitudes and behaviors toward school.
a. Show interest in your children's progress
b. Recognize children's efforts and progress. Give a high five
for a 10 point improvement on a test.
c. Help children set long-term goals for future educational pursuits.
Teach children that achieving their long-term goals may require
d. Make sure that your children are able to get assistance with
schoolwork when needed.
5) Making your home a learning
environment. A supportive and stable home environment has
a positive impact on school performance and the degree to which
students are engaged in school and learning.
a. Make education the family's top priority
by giving preference to schoolwork, reading, and other educative
activities over television and other recreation.
b. Create a quiet place at home to study and do homework with
appropriate books, reference materials, and other learning materials.
c. Spend time discussing current events and school-related topics
d. Encourage and model leisure reading.
6) Being persistent and
consistent. In order for education to remain a priority for
children and youth parents should be both persistent and consistent
when providing support for children's learning.
a. Consistently reinforce the message
that, "education is important for your future."
b. Remain focused on children's educational progress regardless
of whether they are doing well in school or in jeopardy of disengaging
from school completely.
c. Do not allow children to be distracted from the importance
of school and learning.
d. Work with teachers, school psychologists, and other school
staff to maintain a focus on student progress.